Management Skill in Teamwork
The team to be selected should be interested in what they are doing and highly motivated. The most important management skill in teamwork is communication skill. A good team player is significant in building a culture of teamwork would engender high self-esteem within the project. Building a culture of teamwork cannot be possible without good motivational communication to the team members (West, 2012). For achievement of projects’ aims and objectives, it is necessary to select a team that is able to successfully communicate with different people involved in the completion of the program. There must be procedures and policies that are vital in managing a program and therefore failure to successfully communicate these may interfere with success of the project. Workers need to understand basic information required in doing their jobs and therefore effective communication is really weighty in getting the job done.
Limited Resources and Time Constraints
According to West (2012), there are always limited resources and time constraints that ought to be completed. Failure to accomplish project on time may indicate overall project failure and therefore all the resources both human and materials should be allocated in the most efficient way. Improper utilization of resources may break the smooth running of the project and eventually lead to terrible program failure. Also, resources and time play a major role in the estimation of the project. These two elements are very expensive and are the reason behind program budgeting and estimations. Failure to control resources and time may heighten the cost of the project. Indeed, resources and time are very important aspects of any project and are vital in determining long term health of the project.
Managers are required to manage their conflicts democratically with a clear distinction between substantive and personal issues. In managing interpersonal conflicts, leaders need to be prepared with information that is more detailed and multiple alternatives to enhance the quality of their debate. Availability of more data, which are objective based, compel managers to focus on issues rather than personal matters or useless arguments rooted in ignorance. Inadequate information makes management rely mostly on guesses and baseless assumptions that do not help the program (West, 2012). Reliance on facts reduces involvement on personal issues and eventually interpersonal conflicts. In addition, administrators need to use humor and share a common goal in debates while maintaining a balanced power structure.
Furthermore, managers should be deeply involved in creating different options thus plummeting disagreement amongst decision-making participants that in turn promotes teamwork. Individual commitment in decision-making is achieved when joint effort is put in creating a number of alternatives. It is also worth understanding that the more the number of choices made by management, the greater the chances of coming up with more appropriate options (West, 2012). By creating common goals in the teamwork, managers should outline their strategic options as collaborative rather than competitive while every individual must endeavor to achieve best possible solution for the group. Common goal do not imply uniform thinking but rather require everyone to have a clear vision towards a particular goal. Lack of common goal make some members of the team think that they are in competition thus framing decisions as reactions to threat.
Using humor in decision making by the team releases tension among the management team and uphold collaborative spirit by making the business fun. The excitement while in decision making process reduces stress and brutal competition. Interpersonal conflicts are greatly reduced by using humor as a tool to avoid hostile and stressful environment. Humor acts as a defensive mechanism by decreasing the team temperatures and blunting the threatening edge of negative information. Humor that has very positive effect on mood may allow communication of difficult information in a more tactful manner and less threatening way. Furthermore, humor may make people more optimistic and forgiving thus reducing defensive barriers thus enhancing effective decision-making process.
Fairness and Leadership
According to West (2012), sense of fairness is greatly essential among the team while dividing power amongst them since autocratic leadership may well create interpersonal conflict. Additionally, weak leaders may also make the team lazy towards achieving their goal. Balanced power structure is therefore recommended where everyone has defined role and responsibility to play in the team and consensus is used in solving problems. However, conflicts make managers to deeply understand issues and create awareness.
Generally, there are other scientific methods of making decisions which completely disregards the issue of personal conflicts and speeds up the decision making process. Raising several alternatives before decision-making may lead to creation of irrelevant options, which may consume a lot of time thus causing boredom amongst the group hence demoralizing them. Jokes may at times be directed to a member of the team to touch on his personal issues in the name of a fun (West, 2012). Moreover, fun may divert the group’s commitment by taking the issue to be less serious. Existence of interpersonal conflicts may promote decision making process hence avoiding the conflicts may not encourage individuals to make distinctive decisions.
Leaders and Leadership
Leaders need to broaden the interests of their employees by motivating them to look beyond their self-interests. They need to set goals and build commitment amongst their employees. They should understand that leadership is a continuation process that involves a number of people working towards achieving a common goal (West, 2012). Celebrating everyone participating in the program is a vital thing regardless of the position an individual holds in the business. The leaders should know that things that share success are very important and that the program requires a team spirit that is highly inspired. Leaders need to be able to inspire their followers to follow them and be part of attaining the program’s goals effectively.
West, M. A. (2012). Effective teamwork: Practical lessons from organizational research. Chichester, West Sussex, BPS Blackwell.